Climate change is one of the major global challenges facing the world today. The automotive industry is being called upon to help stabilize the level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and to take an active role in the research and development of solutions for more sustainable mobility.
Fiat Group recognizes its role in addressing climate change and is committed to reducing the CO2 emissions of its products and processes from design and production, to distribution, use and the end-of-life phase.
There is growing recognition within both the scientific community and the general public that climate change is occurring and that the global climate is being affected by an increasing level of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimated that to keep the global temperature from rising by more than 2°C, atmospheric concentrations of CO2 would have to be limited to between 400 and 550 parts per million (ppm). The lower limit of 400 ppm has now been reached, compared with the pre-industrial level of approximately 280(1). The fifth Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report states with 95 percent confidence that humans are the main cause of the current global warming.
The increase in human-generated CO2 emissions has led many governments to implement control and regulatory measures to limit the resulting effects. The automotive industry is addressing this challenge responsibly.
Fiat Group believes that effective, long-lasting results to address climate change can only be achieved through an integrated approach involving energy producers, manufacturers (including suppliers), consumers, academia, the financial community and government. As stated in the Group Environmental Guidelines, the company is committed to adopting and developing solutions that are at the same time safe, environmentally-friendly and economically viable, and that aim to fight climate change, preserve resources and safeguard health. Accordingly, Fiat Group continues to focus on addressing CO2 emissions and once again, it has confirmed in its Sustainability Plan the commitment to reduce CO2 emissions in:
- engines, by developing increasingly efficient technologies for conventional engines, expanding the use of alternative fuels (such as natural gas and biofuels), and developing alternative propulsion systems (such as hybrid or electric solutions), based on the specific energy needs and fuel availability of the various countries
- production plants, by cutting energy consumption levels and promoting the use of renewable energy
- transport activities, by increasing low-emission transport and involving our employees to reduce their commuting emissions
- supplier activities, by promoting environmental responsibility and spreading the principles and culture of World Class Manufacturing
- office-related activities, such as business travel, office activities and information technology emissions
- eco-responsible driving behavior, by providing dealers and customers with information and training on vehicle use and maintenance
- initiatives to meet new mobility needs, by providing alternative mobility solutions to customers.
Fiat Group is also committed to maintain a risk management system for climate change-related risks, including increased physical risks associated with weather extremes and compliance with emission trading regulations.
(1) Source: Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007).