GRI-G4  DMA, EN11, EN12, EN13, EN14, EN26, SO1
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Biodiversity conservation

Fiat Group is aware that each species, no matter how small, plays an essential role in the ecosystem and that biodiversity is an important global issue.

Accordingly, the Group strives to preserve biological diversity and the variety of life forms on earth through sustainable development strategies.

During 2010, Fiat Group, in association with the Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology at the University of Turin (Italy), defined a specific Fiat Group Biodiversity Value Index (FGBVI) as well as guidelines for its application across the company. The index measures the level of biodiversity and influencing factors for areas surrounding plants in order to identify, and give the proper priority to, any interventions that should be carried out to protect and/or restore the local environment.

The methodology has led to the definition of two parameters. The first reflects the level of biodiversity found in the surrounding area that is measured through the analysis and assessment of specific indicators characteristic of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, taking into account protected species on the relevant national and/or international lists, for example the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List and Directive 2009/147/EC concerning conservation of wild birds. The second parameter measures the level of environmental pressure based on human activity in the area (agriculture, industry, urban expansion, etc.). Impact on biodiversity derives from anthropogenic pressure of infrastructures in the areas surrounding the plants and, to a much lesser extent, of the activities carried out at Fiat Group plants. The analysis of the impact of the application of FGBVI helps determine - with the collaboration of local authorities when possible - which activities and initiatives to pursue in the areas affected.

The methodology was initially implemented at two Italian pilot locations (the Fiat Group Automobiles plant in Verrone and the Magneti Marelli plant in Venaria, both near Turin). In 2011, the Fiat Group Automobiles plant in Kragujevac (Serbia) also adopted the FGBVI to restore habitat. In 2012, it was extended to one Teksid plant in Funfrap (Portugal), and in 2013 the methodology was further updated in order to be easily extended to other regions. A self-assessment was conducted at 144 plants to identify sites where FGBVI should be applied.

The Group is also highly engaged in biodiversity efforts in the NAFTA region.  In 2013, the Chrysler Group World Headquarters and Technology Center in Auburn Hills (US) achieved Wildlife at Work certification. This program is administered by the Wildlife Habitat Council and recognizes sites that increase biodiversity through specific projects. Preserving the natural habitat was part of the Master Plan when this Chrysler Group site was first conceived several years ago. Located in an expansive wooded setting with wetlands on 465 acres, the complex hosts a wide variety of wildlife including great blue heron, double-crested cormorant, wood duck, cottontail rabbit, and Blanding’s turtle.  The projects recognized as part of the Wildlife at Work certification included, among others, wetland management to protect the natural habitat and a newly created pollinator garden planted by a team of Chrysler Group volunteers.  The garden provides a food source for several species including bees, butterflies, moths, hummingbirds, and bats.

Plants near, bordering or within protected(1)or high biodiversity areas 

 Fiat Group worldwide 

and plant location

of activity

Surface (mln  m2)

Red List species
and national conservation list species present

Investment ()

Description of activities
implemented to protect
or restore

External check on restoration

in relation to protected area

Verrone (Italy)

Production of transmissions and parts


44 species listed:

  • 0 Critically endangered
  • 2 Endangered
  • 2 Vulnerable
  • 2 Near Threatened
  • 38 Least Concern
58,000 Preservation of the natural habitats and designated Community interest (Habitats Directive 92/43/EC) to ensure suitable conditions for the species in danger of extinction; Containment activities of shrub species; Restoration of moorland and fire protection paths (approximately 250,000 m2); Processing of new biennial FGBVI index; Biophilia activities conducted for elementary school students from surrounding towns; Placement of nests. Y The protected area is in the plant area

Magneti Marelli
Venaria (Italy)

Production of lighting and exhaust systems


1 species listed:

  • 1 Near Threatened
28,000 Preservation of the natural habitats of the Osmoderma Eremita and engineering activities to protect the century-old oaks in La Mandria Park. The monitoring of the number of these threatened species proceeds side by side with a feasibility study to determine the best solution for keeping the trunk vertical. To date, six oaks have been anchored with cables connected to screws driven into the ground, in the least invasive way. Y

The Plant

is in the protected area IT1110079

La Mandria

Funfrap (Portugal)

Production of engine blocks, exhaust manifolds, differentials and carter turbines

0.1 n.a. 35,000 Conducted study to determine the FGBVI and start of the activities to plan the next initiatives. _ Adjacent to the protected area (within 5 km)
FGA Kragujevac (Serbia) Assembly and stamping 1.2

73 species listed:

  • 0 Critically Endangered
  • 0 Endangered
  • 0 Vulnerable
  • 2 Near Threatened
  • 71 Least Concern
419,100 Improvement of environmental conditions through FGBVI application, environmental recovery, planting of native plant species, clearing of cement from the bed to recover the floodplains, creation of a bio-lake; creation of recreational areas. _ Restored habitat

(1) A protected area (national, regional, site of community importance, special protection zone, oasis, etc.) is a geographically defined area that is designated, regulated or managed to achieve specific conservation objectives. An area of high biodiversity value is an area that is not subject to legal protection, but is recognized by a number of governmental and non-governmental organizations as having significant biodiversity.

Biodiversity in Verrone plant

With a keen eye on biodiversity and ecological sustainability, Fiat Group collaborates with the Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology at the University of Turin for the preservation of an important ecosystem. At the end of the study to develop the Fiat Group Biodiversity Value Index (FGBVI), the Verrone (Italy) plant decided to continue the collaboration. In 2012, an action plan was completed which details plant engagement through 2020 to coincide with the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity (2011-2020). The plan includes all interventions and activities that will be implemented by the plant to preserve biodiversity in its protected area, as well as build greater awareness on this topic among the inhabitants and students in the local community. In 2013, communication initiatives with LIPU (Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli) and with local schools were also implemented to spread knowledge about biodiversity and conservation.