This content was subject to assurance by SGS Italia S.p.A. (14 March 2014).

Waste management

Fiat Group is also strongly committed to reducing waste generation in its production activities. Accordingly, reusing and recovering materials is widely practiced throughout the Group.

What cannot be reused is recycled. When the waste generated cannot be recycled, it is disposed of, seeking to use technologies with minimal environmental impact (waste-to-energy conversion or treatment, with shipment to landfills only as a last resort).

The consolidation of actions to improve this important environmental factor resulted in a substantially stable trend in the volumes of waste generated in 2013 compared with 2012, despite increased production volumes. In the past two years, the total amount of waste generated has decreased by 2.5%. Projects to cut the quantity of waste generated led to overall savings of about €4.5 million in 2013.

The Group also monitors the level of waste defined as hazardous which is generated during manufacturing processes, in accordance with the applicable legislation in each jurisdiction. Particular importance is given to reducing the generation of such waste, since by its very nature it is less suitable for recovery. Through appropriate environmental practices, hazardous waste decreased by 3.1% in the last year and by 36.7% compared with 2010 levels.

Waste generation and management (1) 

 Fiat Group worldwide (tons)

20132012201320112010
Plants 142 144 150 148
Waste generated        
Non-hazardous waste 1,770,029 1,720,410 1,804,698 1,650,257
Hazardous waste 39,069 40,327 50,614 61,754
Total waste generated 1,809,098 1,760,737 1,855,312 1,712,011
of which packaging 121,837 75,332 97,099 90,982
Waste disposed        
Waste-to-energy conversion 23,750 19,950 23,336 21,609
Treatment 31,055 31,219 37,489 43,936
Sent to landfill 438,741 438,345 547,056 515,434
Total waste disposed 493,546 489,514 607,881 580,979
Waste recovered        
Total waste recovered 1,315,552 1,271,223 1,247,431 1,131,032

(1) The information relating to the determination of the waste disposal method is provided in the Waste Management Guidelines and embodied in the "operating guideline for monitoring environmental KPIs - Waste", which applies to the entire Fiat Group.

In Mass-Market and Premium Brand assembly and stamping plants, the quantity of waste generated per vehicle in 2013 was roughly the same as  the previous  year, while the comparison with 2010 shows a decrease of 2.8% (from 215.0 to 209.0 kg/vehicle produced) in overall waste generated per vehicle produced. Hazardous waste per vehicle produced decreased 10.3% compared with 2012 (from 3.9 to 3.5 kg/vehicle produced) and 50.0% compared with 2010 (from 7 to 3.5 kg/vehicle produced).

In 2013, Mass-Market and Premium Brand assembly and stamping plants increased the waste recovery rate to 96.4% (compared with the Fiat Group average of 72.7%) and reduced the percentage of waste sent to landfill to levels as low as 1.3% (compared with the Fiat Group average of 24.3%).

The average value of waste sent by the Group to landfills is essentially linked to a single type of waste, that is, Teksid's inert industrial process sand, which must be sent to landfill at the present time due to technological constraints. However, Teksid has several specific projects in progress aimed at optimizing the management of this type of waste.

Waste generated per unit of production

Mass-Market and Premium Brand assembly and stamping worldwide (kg per vehicle produced)

Target 2020: -14% vs 2010

Hazardous waste generated per unit of production  

 Mass-Market and Premium Brand assembly and stamping worldwide (kg per vehicle produced)

Target 2020: -54% vs 2010

In alignment with the terms of the Basel Convention, 104 tons of hazardous waste were exported from Canada to the United States for recycling (paint shop-related waste)(1), representing 0.27% of all hazardous waste generated by Fiat Group.

(1) No other case registered for hazardous waste transported, imported, exported or treated  falls under the terms of the Basel Convention.

Waste recovery state  

Mass-Market and Premium Brand assembly and stamping worldwide

Target 2020: 97% vs 2010

Waste sent to landfill 

Mass-Market and Premium Brand assembly and stamping worldwide

Target 2020: 1% vs 2010

Reducing waste sent to landfill

In 2013, numerous waste management improvements were implemented in the majority of the Group's plants. The Teksid plant in Monclava (Mexico) introduced a foundry sand regeneration system that allows recovering and reusing part of the sand in the production cycle to shape the cores (sand and resin templates used to make the hollow spaces inside iron castings), thereby reducing the amount of waste generated by about 30,000 tons a year.

This activity is yet another step in spreading the Best Available Technologies (BAT) in waste management to all plants, which started in 2012 at the Teksid plant in Ingrandes sur Vienne (France).