Over the years, the Group has achieved significant results in reducing CO2 emissions and fuel consumption.
The Group’s commitment to increasingly sustainable mobility has been demonstrated by the results already achieved in reducing fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, particularly in EMEA and NAFTA, where approximately 72% of Group revenues were generated in 2013.
In the European Union, the average CO2 emissions of the Group's Mass-Market and Premium Brands amounted to 122.9 g/km in 2013. This represents an 18% decrease compared with 2006 (the benchmark year used in EU regulations to set the 2012-2015 and 2020 targets) and a 24% reduction compared with 2000, which was the first year the EU Commission monitored average emissions.
Average CO2 emissions for newly-registered vehicles
Fiat Group (Mass-Market and Premium Brands) in the European Union (g/km)
Source: 2000-2012 - data submitted to EU Commission; 2013 - FGA estimate
Approximately 71% of the Group’s newly registered cars of Mass-Market and Premium Brands emitted 120 g/km of CO2 or less in the European Union, while 81% emitted 130 g/km of CO2 or less.
New car registrations by CO2 emission levels
Mass-Market and Premium Brands in the European Union
In the United States, where shipments account for 84% of the NAFTA market, vehicle efficiency is measured by fuel economy expressed in miles per gallon (mpg). In 2013, Chrysler Group’s domestic passenger car mpg increased from 31.1 in 2012 to 32.1, an improvement of 3%. Light truck mpg increased 1%, from 24.3 to 24.5.
Fuel economy(1) of vehicles sold in the US according to Corporate Average Fuel Economy - CAFE(2)
Mass-Market and Premium brands in the US (mpg)
(1) Refers to fuel consumption in miles per gallon, which, by applying an appropriate conversion factor, corresponds to the kilometers traveled with a liter. Therefore, an increase in fuel economy corresponds to an increase in vehicle efficiency and a reduction of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.
(2) Data is reported to the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and provided by model year, meaning the year used to designate a discrete vehicle model, irrespective of the calendar year in which the vehicle was actually produced, provided that the production period does not exceed 24 months. CAFE standards from NHTSA are set independently for passenger cars and light duty trucks. Fuel economy is based on the most recent NHTSA required submission, which for 2013 reflects mid-model year data. Previous year data is adjusted to reflect final EPA/NHTSA reports.
(3) Vehicles for the transportation of passengers and/or goods with specific characteristics defined by the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration - NHTSA (e.g., SUVs, MPVs and pickups).
In countries in the APAC and LATAM regions, including those without specific regulations governing CO2 emissions or fuel consumption, Fiat Group offers vehicles with leading-edge technology designed to reduce both. In China, where the Corporate Average Fuel Consumption (CAFC) regulation sets limits for CO2 emissions by 2015, the Group is committed to launch new low-emission products, as well as various technologies currently available in other markets, including MultiAir, 8- and 9-speed transmissions and other technical engine upgrades.
In Brazil, the major market in the LATAM region, the sale of Flexfuel and TetraFuel vehicles totaled more than 744,100, corresponding to 97.5% of Fiat vehicles sold. The Group voluntarily participates in the government’s INMETRO vehicle fuel consumption monitoring program (PBEV – “Brazilian Labeling Program Vehicle”). In PBEV 2013, referring to the Fiat position in 2012, 30 Fiat vehicles were involved, equaling 13% of the total participating vehicles. Fiat was the carmaker that participated with the highest number of vehicles in the labeling program. The 2013 program featured five Fiat vehicles among the top 15 cars with the lowest average consumption.
The international awards received by the Group are further proof of its continued commitment to ecological mobility. In 2013, these included:
- The innovative 0.9 TwinAir Turbo bi-fuel natural gas-powered engine received the 'Best Green Engine of the Year 2013' title
- Fiat’s "Methane Program" won the “Ecobest 2013” award
- Fiat Professional named “LCV Manufacturer of the Year” at the GreenFleet Awards 2013
- Ward’s 10 Best Engines list for 2014 included two from Chrysler Group: the 3.0-liter EcoDiesel V-6 engine and the Fiat 500e Battery-Electric Drive System.
- Palio Fire,the latest Fiat model to hit the Brazilian market and the most affordable car, received an 'A' Rating under the "Etiquetagem Veicular” INMETRO initiative.